A Tool for Technological Intelligence

Patents are the largest source of information technology. The patent is given to the inventor as a gift for his innovation in the form of a exclusive monopoly right for a period of 20 years from the priority date of discovery. Due to advancements in the IT and internet sectors, this valuable document is now within the reach of the general public. Everyone who is an expert in this field can go through various patent databases and after a search can obtain the patent documents of their needs. There are different patent databases namely, USPTO, EPO, JPO, etc. free for public access. If we look at patents relating to certain technological fields, we will be able to find a lot of information about the innovation life cycle of innovation, that is,

o evolutionary path of a specific technology,

o technological development,

o technological diversification,

o technology merges,

o major players in specific technological area,

o key points of the specific technology,

World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) revealed that 90% to
95% of all the world’s inventions can be found in patented documents.”

analysis can reveals very valuable informations, which is not available
anywhere. After patent search the crucial part is the patent analysis,
and one have to be very concise about their objective of the study. The
information in the patent documents can be utilized in different form
according to the need and mapped accordingly to get the picture of the
entire analysis in snapshots.

Patent data can be used for the
preparation of technological landscapes. Logistic mathematics and circle
mathematics can be very useful in the plotting of the technological
landscape. It can reveal the evolutionary trend of a technology, how it
is evolved from a basic technology, along with the period of the
technological diversification and its nature. These maps will also give
the detailed overview of the merging of the different technologies to
give rise to break-through technologies. These types of maps will be
very useful for the R&D personals to evaluate the position of their
research and technology, and also they will find way to more innovate
more advanced and valuable technology.

In the today’s global
context firms need to know what technologies can competitors choke
easily, and may be attempting to. They also need to know the spaces in
technologies where competition is intense, and the areas where
competitors are concentrating their IP development and their R&D
efforts. They need to be able to track patent acquisition and
development strategies and chart out the competitive landscape. To
evaluate technology before making any investment decision, firms need to
know the pace of patenting activity in the technology, which patents
embody fundamental ideas in the technology and how vulnerable the firm’s
technologies are to patent infringements. This will give them much
needed information in deciding between technology development and
technology acquisition.

The ability to extract relevant
information from patent literature is a crucial success factor for
anyone involved in technological innovation. The technology mapping
technique’s that can be used to transform patent information into
knowledge that can influence decision-making.

Patents are an
important source of technological intelligence that companies can use to
gain strategic advantage. Technology Intelligence is a can be used for
gathering, analyzing, forecasting, and managing external technology
related information, including patent information. Computational patent
mapping is a methodology for the development and application of a
technology knowledgebase for technology and competitive intelligence.
The primary deliverables of patent mapping is in the form of knowledge
visualization through landscape and maps. These maps provide valuable
intelligence on technology evolution/revolution, nature of various types
of pioneering; big; pure; and emerging players, state-of-the-art
assessment, etc.

These types of technological maps will prove to
be a valuable multiplier in R&D and commercialization activities, in
various ways including the following:

o Developing further insights in response to strategic requirements and policy formulation in the organization

o Forecasting and identifying technological activities and trends in the industry

o Aiding in the visualization of alternative development and growth paths available to the organization

o Enabling pre-emptive recognition and action on potential licensing opportunities

o Identifying prospective partners and clients

o Identify technology discontinuities and areas of opportunities in their chosen technologies

o Monitor and evaluate the technological process of competitors and potential competitors

o Support decisions on foray and investment into particular technologies and sub-technologies

o Surveillance of technological progress of competitors as well as to alert oneself to new entrants to the field

o Spotting of white spaces or opportunity areas within a dense technological domain

o Creative tool to simulate new ideas and create new IP

o Complementing corporate IP filing strategies

o Support technology proposals for large scale national and international level projects

o Support investment and technology due diligence on companies

mapping can be an integral part of IP management. It can uncover
valuable information hidden in patents and can provide useful indicators
for technical trends, market trends, competitors changes and
technological profile and innovation potential of a company. Patent maps
are visual representations of patent information that has been mined
and aggregated or clustered to highlight specific features. There is a
high degree of flexibility in visualization, which may be in the form of
time-series or as spatial maps. We provide a more market and technology
oriented analysis of the complete set of patent portfolio assets via
our patent mapping services. Patent mapping can be used to ascertain the
quality of patents with respect to prevailing technology and the extent
to which patents affect the technology. This is a valuable input in
technology sourcing/development and R&D decisions. Patent mapping
can be indispensable for both firms that have an under-utilized patent
profile and are looking to license/assign it at the most favorable
terms, as well as to firms that are looking at developing patent
portfolio strength in a particular technological field.

subject specialization is not enough for this, but analytical thinking
and innovations are very essential. Today lots of software resources are
available for mapping the patent data, but almost all are confined to
bibliographic informations. The machine work cannot be compared with
that of human intelligence. Patent mapping requires many skills. First
and foremost among these is an ability to understand the complex
scientific ideas protected by the patents themselves. Although it is
possible to create a patent map by analyzing the relationships between
patents without understanding the subject matter, such a map is often
useless and needs to be refined by someone who understands the
intricacies of the particular scientific discipline that is the basis of
the invention. Thus, I expect that the need for people with scientific
(and engineering) expertise in the field of patent mapping is on the
increase. That’s why today lots of KPO firm are looking for the right
individual and there is a huge demand today, which will certainly
increase in the near future.