Monthly Archives: January 2020

I Knew S/he Was Crazy! Telltale Signs of Depression and Suicide in the African American Community – Depression

As a research scientist, I am asked what The Telltale Signs of Depression and Suicide are and befuddled, I say the usual, “search the web”! Since, I deal with diverse populations, many of the top search engines, especially health websites, are NOT always people of color’s “BFF’s”. When explaining to diverse groups about the symptoms of depression and suicide, there are plenty of “yes, buts” or “what ifs” that countermand adherence to medical directives. These actions still occur even when a Nobel Laureate physician wrote the major symptom section for the DSM-IV revised!I have personally witnessed on numerous diverse social media websites the grossly inaccurate information posted on them. I myself has been subject to ridicule and harassment. As a result, I am relaying and translating the societal and cultural nuances so that diverse laypeople all understand the key symptoms of depression and suicide. I am translating these symptoms for the African American community because I am African American and many people have come to me wondering if there is a way to identify these symptoms. Disturbingly, they may have lost a loved one to suicide and they wonder if there was anything more they could do to stop it. While reviewing top health websites for depression symptoms, I found there was a lack of cultural competency in explaining these symptoms. While it is clear that not ALL of these symptoms are seen in every case of depression or suicide, the key symptoms outlined in major online health websites do NOT translate with “any culturally nuanced depression symptoms”.At this time, I will not be listing what to do on how to manage these symptoms. I organized this “Translation Navigator” so that everyone is “on same page”. I mean no disrespect to those who understand this information, but seriously, looking at the mental health disparities, something MUST be done for the lack of cultural competence described in my symptom review. Anyone using this information is for entertainment purposes only and cannot be used as a diagnostic. Moreover, it can complement a professionally licensed health care provider’s directive, but it does not supplant or supersede any treatment plan by a licensed provider. Nor does it counteract against the written referenced material.The Translator/NavigatorCulturally Competent Telltale Signs for Depression in the African Americans

The inability to concentrate often resembles forgetfulness This symptom occurs almost everyday and people who are depressed often forget important tasks, like missing due dates for bills, or forgetting to call key people like doctors. It is not the casual forgetfulness of losing keys or dementia like getting lost, or even Alzheimer’s, which is VERY different! This forgetfulness is after a profound conversation/argument with the depressed person, and s/he STILL forgets to pay the cable bill!

Being fatigued or decreased energy If the depressed person goes to church Sunday at 11:00 AM, and then stops suddenly, to which s/he complains of fatigue or “I’m tired”, when they did nothing physically strenuous, then it probably a depression. It is the dramatic shift in routine over a month.

Feelings of guilt, worthlessness and/or helplessness These symptoms lack articulation by diverse depressed individuals. Moreover men do not discuss these feeling freely. If men say anything, it resembles blame on any perceivable target-usually the caregiver! Depressed women complain, whine, and then blame. Shortly, I will explain later how that resembles in diverse communities.

Hopelessness and/or pessimism Depressed individuals often have “sarcastic commentary” that teenagers are more than happy to provide whenever anybody makes comments. For example, when the caregiver says, “Let’s go to the Beach, it is a nice sunny day!”, a depressed individual would retort, “Why? To get burned by the sun!!!”

Insomnia or excessive sleeping: I have not noticed diverse depressed individuals to be unable to sleep unless they have an anxiety/PTSD or a mania, but I have seen sleeping all day for several days without being sick, or having that dark room, because light hurts. Depressed individuals often choose that darkened room during a sunny day rather than enjoying the outdoors–an active choice that is made.

Irritability or restlessness: Irritability often looks like whining and snapping at whatever is said. A caregiver could just say “BOO” and the depressed person combined with the feeling of guilt would bite the caregiver’s head off for saying it. The restlessness is often combined with the forgetfulness. Watch when they cook. Request the depressed person to make lemonade from powder and s/he will get flustered by making a simple recipe. And remember, the behavior is not random; it is consistent over a month or two.

Lost of interest in activities once pleasurable, includes sex: This symptom is combined with the forgetfulness, fatigue, guilt, pessimism and excessive sleepiness symptoms. It could be any activity that the depressed person enjoys often as a tradition or ritual, and for some unknown reasons it is suddenly dropped! An example is, with the “holidays approaching” the depressed loved one for no reason, refuses to participate in an activity once thoroughly enjoyed. It is not because s/he has a new life situation, but the excuse is that s/he does not want to do it and is likely to berates it. Remember, the behavior is consistent over a few weeks and is not completely random!

Changes in eating behavior: What a depressed individual does is overeat a lot of carbohydrates (carbs, sugars, etc.): breads, cakes, chocolates, candies and sugar! Apparently, the medical aspects of depression feeds off of glucose in the brain, the full mechanism is unknown. Moreover, the meal is one time of day–all day and does not stop until sleep! Alternatively, what a depressed person looks like when his/her appetite is lost, s/he has failed to shop for grocery and all that is left is something indistinguishable, often the depressed person is living off of something bizarre like gum or rationalizes vitamin supplements as nutrition. Most of the symptoms mesh with each other, so this one is combined with forgetfulness, inability making decisions, helplessness and hopelessness. Moreover starvation through dieting can cause the insomnia…

Persistent malaise: A depressed person complains all the time about physical issues and when s/he chooses to see a primary care physician, only the immediate aches and pains are treated with drugs rather than the psychotropic medications due to health treatment limitations and standards of care. Meaning, if there is no adherence to these drugs, why force the patient to take them? Laboratory tests and manifestations cannot convince the depressed person of his/her ailment is depression. Remember this is another symptom that meshes itself with other symptoms, so if this one symptom is seen, then it is likely that others will be seen…

Persistent negative thoughts: A depressed person says as a complaint or whine that “nobody likes them” or any absolute statements: NEVER, ALWAYS, and NOBODY. Often seen as a judgment with accusations: i.e. “You should’s” and “You must’s” and “everybody’s”. The empty feelings look like a comatose person-especially when asked a simple question like “How are you going today”? The depressed person will respond with a shrug or say “I don’t know” on a consistent basis. Remember, this type of symptom is meshed with the other ones. This symptom is a “trigger” symptom or a “red flag” symptom, meaning when you start hearing them frequently, more than 3 times overall, this is the time when the caregiver’s antenna needs to be raised and attempt to get professionally licensed help!!!

Thoughts of suicide: I cannot emphasize this statement any stronger: when this comment is made, it needs to be taken seriously! Whether or not there is a plan: DO NOT TAKE THIS COMMENT LIGHTLY! DO NOT DISCOUNT IT! By the time, the depressed person vocalizes it, s/he has actually intensely rationalized it and has given serious thoughts about it, and now they are beginning to venture out really to get help on it! PLEASE DO NOT TRY TO UNDERSTAND THIS SYMPTOM OR TALK THEM OUT OF IT! PLEASE GET THEM TO PSYCHIATRIC CARE!!! This key symptom is the neurophysiological course of the depression disease. Literally, the brain is damaging itself due to the aforementioned symptoms. It is thought that all the symptoms meshed together overload the system and crashes the “logic centers” of the brain–somewhat like a computer hard drive crashing. But in this case the other organs actually attempting to save the body at the same time: such as the heart, the muscles, the stomach, the liver and the kidneys, plus many more. The organs try to override this “cerebral self-destruct” button. Remember, this behavior is not always night and day, or random, but it does not lessen the impact, please watch this behavior closely.
So please permit me to use some creative license and combine some of the warning signs to suicide that I have translated into culturally competent text from major online health websites:There are some key symptoms that caregivers MUST watch and be vigilant with someone suffering from depression, especially as it relates to suicide! I cannot stress this enough the depressed individual is NOT about him/her being crazy or funny, this is about him/her suffering from a major medical neurophysiological disease like any other illness and requires professionally licensed care and treatment. Moreover, these are the telltale signs: These are the signs used when one does NOT want to say “if I could have done anything differently…” The way to think about this is the splinter in the tiger. The tiger by itself is a man eating animal, but when there is a splinter in the paw, the tiger writhes in pain and while you might think “it is not a big deal”, because it is a man-eating tiger and usually it will kill itself or gnaw off its paw off to minimize the pain. If someone removes the splinter, it is thought the tiger is grateful and remembers that person always. Loving a depressed individual, like that splintered tiger, is perilous and as a caregiver it takes a team to support that individual, which a licensed provider must be consulted. Unfortunately, hospitalization cannot be enforced upon any unwilling mentally ill person who has not committed a crime or threat. However, a caregiver, can learn about the basic suicide symptoms described below:

Suddenly switching from very sad (depressed) to calm/appearing happy or tranquil: While obviously stated, this symptom often this looks like the depressed person has found “resolution” to his/her problem. Unfortunately it is committing suicide… Like a wrong answer game show buzzer–EHHHN–this inaccurate conclusion erroneously looks like a calm in the suicidal ideation depressed individual. One way to confirm one’s thoughts are to ASK what his/her wants are. This is a question of autonomy, because it determines if a definitive decision has been made. If s/he has a formal plan with times and dates, get professionally licensed help immediately or call 9-1-1!

Always talking and writing about death: Listed as dressing in “Gothic paraphernalia”, like always wearing black like a vampire… Seriously, this is probably the most egregious example of culturally incompetence I have seen in regards to understanding suicidal ideation and symptoms. To make this symptom culturally competent for African Americans, this often resembles when young people attempt to look like or live like “gangsters” or “thugs”, with the guns, paraphernalia, and listening to “profane gangsta rap” or “thuggish” music and actually believing the lyrics are real. And the discussion looks like dark and dreary kinds of lifestyle, such as robbing people, misogyny, prostitution, and prison life, etc. This symptom meshes with another symptom as described later.

Having a “death wish”–taking unnecessary risks: such as running red lights… This symptom is another egregious example of missing the social determinants of health and the mental health disparity in diverse communities. In the African American community, especially for young men, running red lights is deadly in the United States, so that would not be something we would see often. The risk factors taken would probably be carrying a gun into a club as to protect oneself as an “unnecessary risk”. The death wishes we have is getting involved in very dangerous activities known to ruin one’s life and are self-destructive–which leads us to our next symptom

Substance abuse: Alcohol is a depressant, and some illegal substances, like marijuana and methamphetamine make irrational thoughts worse. Many people in our community abuse substances to self-medicate for their depression. It is a self-destructive habit. This is probably one of the single elements that is seen more in the African American community than others. The symptom looks over and beyond the normal consumption of these substances–a functional alcoholic or smoker, etc. And substance abuse treatment differs from depression treatment, while the two are intertwined inexplicably, first the addiction is treated then the mental health issue. More often than not most substance abusers RARELY get treated for their mental health issues.

Acting impulsively: Acting impulsively is doing something without thinking about it and letting the chips fall where they land–meaning if the depressed person dies, that will be where the chips landed… The depression symptoms are meshed with this suicide warning sign, such as guilt and hopelessness. It is reckless. One possibility is once they get that gun, what more will they do–such as robbery, going along with the violent crowd, rioting, killing people. The mentality is the suicidal person with erroneously thing that they have to see the end of this bad course of action.

Poor performance in school and work: Young people often have failing grades and it is known they are able to do the work. For adults, it accounts for massive sick days and absenteeism from work, lack of follow through on projects and missed deadlines. There may be some hostilities between the depressed loved one and co-workers. The depression symptoms seen meshed with this suicide warning sign are lack of concentration, fatigue and excessive sleeping.There may be others.

Putting affairs in order, tying up loose ends, writing/changing a will, giving away prized possessions: So many depressed African Americans feel they do not have anything, so changing wills is infrequent occurrence. This suicide warning sign resembles vandalism or destruction of property. The depressed person’s thinking is “Since I have nothing to lose (hopelessness) and everyone thinks I am worthless (guilt, worthlessness), I will vandalize this property by graffiti or I will destroy this property by stealing/thievery of key items”. What makes this illogical thinking occur in a depressed person is putting the affairs in order or tying up loose ends… This a suicidal warning sign shows the welcomed risk of arrest! As usual, this symptom travels with other depression symptoms as well as other suicidal warning signs like substance abuse or a death wish.

Feeling strong anger or rage: It has been told to me that depression is anger turned in on one’s self. The anger people have is due to unresolved hurts and pains or experiencing what is perceived as a traumatic event. Some people casually say, “This is what is called life, deal with it”! Saying this statement to a depressed person is an abusive, insensitive, destructive and harmful comment, because it will tip them over from thinking about suicide to actually committing suicide. The heartless comment often is misconstrued by a depressed person who is already having inaccurate absolute conclusions and this comment causes the person who cannot articulate in his/her feelings to verify his/her self-worth through the “depression and suicidal lenses”. What is seen is either the first suicidal warning sign of “listlessness” or “empty” feelings or an anger/rage unloading, often with crying. What causes this anger? I have a blog on anger as it is written from my bipolar POV at Crazy Black Woman
Remember, it should be noted that some people who commit suicide do not show ANY warning signs. So, loved ones may still feel, “I knew s/he was crazy, but…” And if caregiver’s actively see these symptoms and want to help him/her, judgment does not help them either! What is optimal is professionally licensed care and treatment! A few pastors have qualifications for mental health care treatment. If a pastor says that ONLY prayer or telling one to just be saved cures mental health, that is HOLY UNETHICAL!Many professionally licensed providers lack cultural sensitivity and could look “crazy” to you! Finding the what works for you is a personal choice. The key is to ask MANY DIRECT QUESTIONS, learn to navigate the mental health care system, and implement mental health and wellness goals! If that is of interest to you as a “diverse woman”, please feel free to join us at SistahMentalHealth dot com and start your PQ Interest Questionnaire TODAY!

Adult College Education Help

Investment in education can never be replaced. But many students worry about their financial crisis to proceed further. They think that paying fees will not be affordable. This must be removed from their minds.

The
U.S. Department of Education is providing lot of money in grants,
scholarships, work study assistance and low interest loans. Utilising
these benefits, you can cover expenses on tuition fee, boarding, books,
travel and other personal expenses.

Many state governments,
schools, employers, individuals, private companies, nonprofits,
religious groups and professional organizations are ready to help you
through scholarships. If you are able to get scholarships, you are lucky
enough to continue further. Every organisation will set some standard
to give out scholarships. But you need to meet their standards through
academic achievement. You have to work hard to avail these
opportunities.

Many federal and state governments and individual
colleges are allocating huge money in grants to needy students. A
variety of grants are available if you find yourself eligible. Pell
grants are for undergraduate students. The Academic Competitiveness
Grant is available for fresher who toiled a lot in their school life.
For undergraduate students who are in extreme financial crunch, grants
are funded by The Federal Supplemental Educational Board. The National
Science and Mathematics Access to Retain Talent Grant is for students of
mathematics, technology, engineering, a foreign language critical to
national security or physical, life or computer sciences who score a
better grade points in their subjects. Also for those students who want
to become teachers, The Teacher Education Assistance for College and
Higher Education Grant is available.

Students can avail repayable
loans at lower interest rates. Many students scare to get loans. But if
you think about your future welfare investing on education, you may not
find that much hard. You can start repaying the loans after getting jobs
or several months after finishing your studies. Government spends
billions of money in providing loans to students. Also many private
firms are interested in furnishing loans at variable interest rates. But
you should be aware of the repayment period and interest rates.

After
acquiring benefits from any of this source, you should be aware of
money management. You should prepare your own budget to control your
lavishness. It is not advisable to own a credit card when you study even
though you get many attractive offers from private agencies. Avoid
using a car. Rather prefer a walk which makes you fit.

Books will cost more than you expect. But don’t think about avoiding books because they are a source of knowledge. You better find a used book that will be available at a cheaper cost.

Moods Are Infectious, Depression Is Not – Depression

Good mood is like a bright smile, extremely contagious. Happiness latches on with ease from one person to another. It is natural to feel happy being in the presence of someone brimming with joy and laughter. A similar domino effect is rekindled when one comes in contact with a person displaying anger or negative moods such as sadness and hopelessness. After a while, one gets conditioned to the same state. Psychologists have a name for what guides such behaviors – social contagion. According to this theory, behaviors or feelings exhibited by one person can guide the moods or behaviors of others.Depression is one of the most debilitating illnesses in the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) points out that nearly 300 million people across the world are affected by it. The disorder is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality. It increases the risks of comorbid health complications such as diabetes, hypertension and poor cardiovascular health.Depression and low moods are often confused as one and the same. However, while “feeling blue” is a result of temporary fluctuation in emotional balance, depression is a severe mental illness which normally arises when one experiences prolonged periods of sadness. A recent study delved into the inherent difference between depression and low mood and came up with some startling conclusions. According to the study, while moods are transmitted, depression is not.Differentiating between depression and low moodDuring the course of the study, the researchers analyzed data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health for conditions pertaining to mood. It also looked into seven common signs of depression – anhedonia or loss of interest in day-to-day activities, lack of appetite, clarity in routine work, prolonged grief, helplessness, worthlessness and tiredness. The levels of participants’ mood and depression were calculated using the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CES-D). The ratings based on the answers to the questions ranged from 0 to 54. Higher rating indicated worse mood. The results indicated the following:

The more the number of worse mood friends an American adolescent has, the more likely he/she would experience bad mood. They would also have lower chances of getting better.

The results were found to be similar for all depressive symptoms underlined earlier except appetite.

The researchers observed that depression did not spread in the same manner, suggesting that clinical depression is more than a mere experience of low mood as commonly believed. However, low mood is a result of depressive state, which can reduce social interactions during the process.The criticality of the study can be assuaged from the fact that it addresses the issue of teenage or adolescent depression which is rife in recent times. According to the authors, the subthreshold levels of depressive symptoms is a cause of concern as it lowers the quality of life considerably. Untreated condition can continue into adulthood and strain personal and professional relationships.The researchers suggest that friendships should be forged as long as they help in spreading happiness and reducing the risk of depression; the aim should be to stop spreading negative mood. Based on the observations, individuals in the subthreshold who had friends with lower CES-D scores were more likely to improve their mood to the extent that they could be no longer classified as depressed.Acting before it is too lateIdentifying the signs of depression during early stages is of critical importance to contain the symptoms from aggravating. Interventions and best practices in schools and colleges should aim at improving one’s circle of friends. It is also essential to keep a check on one’s negative moods from time to time to identify traces of any impending illness. If a person going through depression is not treated soon, there is a grave risk of him or her committing suicide.

Online Insurance Continuing Education Helps

You can obtain your continuing insurance education credit by taking an online CE insurance course from the comfort and convenience of your own home. You can now complete the CE insurance course that you have selected as well as those required for certification from the course catalog listed online which are all approved by the insurance department of the country where you work. In addition, continuing online insurance education helps you have a competitive advantage in the insurance market where you must prove your skills and courage to generate maximum sales from insurance policies.

You have to be well aware of the
different types of insurance products available in the market and earn
insurance credits on a majority of courses to keep yourself abreast with
the ever changing rules, laws, policies, procedures, products and
features of the insurance sector. Continuing education insurance courses
are available for life, health, property, fire, adjuster and many more.
You only need to have the zeal to learn and excel in your area of
expertise and there are infinite resources online to train you
accordingly. You can now take the online insurance continuing education
for stipulated number of hours as per your convenience and write the
online test to earn your credits and certifications.

There are
many online insurance continuing education courses that provide for self
study and you can even print them from your browser if you chose to
study that way. Whether you wish to renew your single insurance license
or acquire new licenses for dealing with multiple insurance products you
have to earn your credits by clearing the courses in insurance
continuing education. Alternatively, WebCE can also ship the insurance
course materials to you via the UPS if needed. Some of the states that
are doing extremely well in providing online insurance continuing
education classes to help insurance agents, advisors and professionals
to emerge as successful dealers in insurance are – California, Illinois,
Florida, New York, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, and Texas.

However
whether you are dealing with insurance products from the states listed
above or from any other state it is immaterial as, the online insurance
education services get your courses approved by the department of state
insurance concerned. By learning new insurance products, concepts,
marketing strategies, competitors, laws, rules and regulations that
govern insurance policies you will be in a better position to sell your
products effectively and confidently to clients without leaving any
scope for your competitors to penetrate into your market share.

If by chance you do not have the knowledge needed to answer questions raised by your clients, then you can immediately lose customers because they will become another insurance agent who is ready to fill your shoes in an instant and do many things. Such is the competition in the insurance sector today. Continuing education Online insurance has a new module that is continually being upgraded every year to make you a more capable and experienced insurance agent in the insurance industry.

A Tool for Technological Intelligence

Patents are the largest source of information technology. The patent is given to the inventor as a gift for his innovation in the form of a exclusive monopoly right for a period of 20 years from the priority date of discovery. Due to advancements in the IT and internet sectors, this valuable document is now within the reach of the general public. Everyone who is an expert in this field can go through various patent databases and after a search can obtain the patent documents of their needs. There are different patent databases namely, USPTO, EPO, JPO, etc. free for public access. If we look at patents relating to certain technological fields, we will be able to find a lot of information about the innovation life cycle of innovation, that is,

o evolutionary path of a specific technology,

o technological development,

o technological diversification,

o technology merges,

o major players in specific technological area,

o key points of the specific technology,

“The
World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) revealed that 90% to
95% of all the world’s inventions can be found in patented documents.”

Patent
analysis can reveals very valuable informations, which is not available
anywhere. After patent search the crucial part is the patent analysis,
and one have to be very concise about their objective of the study. The
information in the patent documents can be utilized in different form
according to the need and mapped accordingly to get the picture of the
entire analysis in snapshots.

Patent data can be used for the
preparation of technological landscapes. Logistic mathematics and circle
mathematics can be very useful in the plotting of the technological
landscape. It can reveal the evolutionary trend of a technology, how it
is evolved from a basic technology, along with the period of the
technological diversification and its nature. These maps will also give
the detailed overview of the merging of the different technologies to
give rise to break-through technologies. These types of maps will be
very useful for the R&D personals to evaluate the position of their
research and technology, and also they will find way to more innovate
more advanced and valuable technology.

In the today’s global
context firms need to know what technologies can competitors choke
easily, and may be attempting to. They also need to know the spaces in
technologies where competition is intense, and the areas where
competitors are concentrating their IP development and their R&D
efforts. They need to be able to track patent acquisition and
development strategies and chart out the competitive landscape. To
evaluate technology before making any investment decision, firms need to
know the pace of patenting activity in the technology, which patents
embody fundamental ideas in the technology and how vulnerable the firm’s
technologies are to patent infringements. This will give them much
needed information in deciding between technology development and
technology acquisition.

The ability to extract relevant
information from patent literature is a crucial success factor for
anyone involved in technological innovation. The technology mapping
technique’s that can be used to transform patent information into
knowledge that can influence decision-making.

Patents are an
important source of technological intelligence that companies can use to
gain strategic advantage. Technology Intelligence is a can be used for
gathering, analyzing, forecasting, and managing external technology
related information, including patent information. Computational patent
mapping is a methodology for the development and application of a
technology knowledgebase for technology and competitive intelligence.
The primary deliverables of patent mapping is in the form of knowledge
visualization through landscape and maps. These maps provide valuable
intelligence on technology evolution/revolution, nature of various types
of pioneering; big; pure; and emerging players, state-of-the-art
assessment, etc.

These types of technological maps will prove to
be a valuable multiplier in R&D and commercialization activities, in
various ways including the following:

o Developing further insights in response to strategic requirements and policy formulation in the organization

o Forecasting and identifying technological activities and trends in the industry

o Aiding in the visualization of alternative development and growth paths available to the organization

o Enabling pre-emptive recognition and action on potential licensing opportunities

o Identifying prospective partners and clients

o Identify technology discontinuities and areas of opportunities in their chosen technologies

o Monitor and evaluate the technological process of competitors and potential competitors

o Support decisions on foray and investment into particular technologies and sub-technologies

o Surveillance of technological progress of competitors as well as to alert oneself to new entrants to the field

o Spotting of white spaces or opportunity areas within a dense technological domain

o Creative tool to simulate new ideas and create new IP

o Complementing corporate IP filing strategies

o Support technology proposals for large scale national and international level projects

o Support investment and technology due diligence on companies

Patent
mapping can be an integral part of IP management. It can uncover
valuable information hidden in patents and can provide useful indicators
for technical trends, market trends, competitors changes and
technological profile and innovation potential of a company. Patent maps
are visual representations of patent information that has been mined
and aggregated or clustered to highlight specific features. There is a
high degree of flexibility in visualization, which may be in the form of
time-series or as spatial maps. We provide a more market and technology
oriented analysis of the complete set of patent portfolio assets via
our patent mapping services. Patent mapping can be used to ascertain the
quality of patents with respect to prevailing technology and the extent
to which patents affect the technology. This is a valuable input in
technology sourcing/development and R&D decisions. Patent mapping
can be indispensable for both firms that have an under-utilized patent
profile and are looking to license/assign it at the most favorable
terms, as well as to firms that are looking at developing patent
portfolio strength in a particular technological field.

Mere
subject specialization is not enough for this, but analytical thinking
and innovations are very essential. Today lots of software resources are
available for mapping the patent data, but almost all are confined to
bibliographic informations. The machine work cannot be compared with
that of human intelligence. Patent mapping requires many skills. First
and foremost among these is an ability to understand the complex
scientific ideas protected by the patents themselves. Although it is
possible to create a patent map by analyzing the relationships between
patents without understanding the subject matter, such a map is often
useless and needs to be refined by someone who understands the
intricacies of the particular scientific discipline that is the basis of
the invention. Thus, I expect that the need for people with scientific
(and engineering) expertise in the field of patent mapping is on the
increase. That’s why today lots of KPO firm are looking for the right
individual and there is a huge demand today, which will certainly
increase in the near future.